Design & Standards

Although FRP rebar is a fairly new product in the FRP industry, design manuals have been prepared and are readily available so that industry professionals can confidently design for the use of FRP rebar.

Asia

Japan

  • JSCE-97, “Recommendation for design and construction of concrete structures using continuous fiber reinforcing materials,” Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Concrete engineering Series 23, A. Machida, Ed., Tokyo, Japan.

Europe

Italy

  • CNR-DT 203/2006 (2006), “Guide for the Design and Construction of Concrete Structures Reinforced with Fiber- Reinforced Polymer Bars,” Italian National Research Council, Italy.

Norway

  • SINTEF Report STF22 A98741 (2002), “Modifications to NS3473 When Using Fiber-Reinforced Plastic Reinforcement 2.24” Norwegian Council for Building Standardization, Norway.

United Kingdom

  • “Interim Guidance on the Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures Using Fiber Composite Reinforcement” (1999), London Institution of Structural Engineers, London, United Kingdom.

North America

Canada

  • CAN/CSA-S806-12 (2002 and 2012), “Design and Construction of Building Structures with Fiber-Reinforced Polymers,” Canadian Standards Association.
  • CAN/CSA-S807-10 (2010 and 2019), “Specification for Fiber-Reinforced Polymers,” Canadian Standards Association.
  • CAN/CSA-S6-06 (2006) plus CAN/CSA S6S1-10 (2010Supplement), “Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code,” Canadian Standards Association.

United States

  • ACI 440.1R (2001, 2006, 2015), “Guide for the Design and Construction of Structural Concrete Reinforced with FRP Bars,” ACI Committee 440, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Mich.
  • ACI 440.2R-08 (2008) “Guide for the Design and Construction of Externally Bonded FRP Systems for Strengthening Concrete Structures,” ACI Committee 440, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Mich.
  • ACI 440.3R (2004 and 2012), “Guide Test Methods for Fiber-Reinforced Polymers (FRPs) for Reinforcing or Strengthening Concrete Structures,” ACI Committee 440, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Mich.
  • ACI 440.4R-04 (2004), “Prestressing Concrete Structures with FRP Tendons,” ACI Committee 440, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Mich.
  • ACI 440.7R-10 (2010), “Guide for the Design and Construction of Externally Bonded FRP Systems for Strengthening Unreinforced Masonry Structures” ACI Committee 440, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Mich.
  • ACI 440.5-08 (2008), “Specification for Construction with Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Reinforcing Bars,” ACI Committee 440, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Mich.
  • ACI 440.6-08 (2008), “Specification for Carbon and Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Bar Materials for Concrete Reinforcement,” ACI Committee 440, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Mich.
  • AASHTO (2009), “AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Guide Specifications for GFRP Reinforced Concrete Bridge Decks and Traffic Railings” American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.